Citrine & Topaz: The November Birthstones

Nothing pairs better with warm autumn colors than a golden imperial topaz or a deep yellow-orange citrine. These beautiful gems share the honors of November’s birthstones. While citrine is known best for its orangey-glow, the topaz comes in a variety of colors that appeal to the masses.

Faceted Blue Topaz
Blue Topaz


  • The name topaz is derived from the Sanskrit word, topas, meaning fire.
  • The rarest and most prized topaz is orangey red to red, referred to in the trade as imperial topaz. Topaz comes in a range of colors, including many shades of blue, yellow, brown, orange, red, and pink.
  • Topaz is a Type I meaning typically eye clean stone with no inclusions that can be seen by the naked eye.
  • Topaz crystal is commonly elongated column shapes which is why the majority are cut into pear and oval shapes in order to follow the path of its natural crystal structure.
  • With the exception of the imperial variety, topazes naturally occur as large crystals that will yield hefty carat weight finished gems.
  • Topaz gems allow for a very fine polish creating an excellent grade finish on most stones.
  • Blue topaz is the gemstone assigned to the 4th anniversary and Imperial topaz is the traditional gem for 23rd anniversaries.
Pear Imperial Topaz
Imperial Topaz

Topaz Care:

Topaz has a high scratch resistance with an 8 on the Mohs Hardness Scale. However, they have a low resistance to chipping and breaking due to cleavage, which can cause the crystal to split in different directions due to its structure. They should be worn with care, and never placed in an ultrasonic cleaner. Mild detergent and water are best for cleaning your topaz.




  • Citrine’s name comes from the Latin word, citron, meaning lemons, limes, or
    Citrine Ring
    Citrine Ring


  • Although it is often found naturally in crystal for, a large portion of the citrine in the market comes from heat treatment applied to amethyst creating that vivid yellow color that makes citrine such a popular stone.
  • Ancient folklore believed that the citrine would guard the wearer against evil thoughts.
  • Some citrines have colors so intense that they can be easily confused with imperial topaz.
  • Citrine colors can range from a bright cheery yellow to an earthy reddish orange. The most expensive citrine is deep, rich, “Madeira” orange color.
  • Like topaz and all quartz varieties, citrine is an eye clean typically with no eye visible inclusions making it the perfect gem to wear in a large for pendants and rings.

  • Citrines can be found easily in faceted sizes up to 20 carats and even larger.
  • Citrine is the traditional stone for 13th anniversaries

Citrine Care:

Citrines rate a 7 on the Mohs Hardness scale and have a moderate resistance to any chipping or breaking. Mild detergent and water are best for cleaning your citrine.

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